Herb Chart

Herb Name   Life Cycle     approx. Height/Width                 Culture                                                Uses

Basil               Annual             12 – 24” / 12“           Start seeds indoors in April,           Leaves: soups, stews,

Ocimum basilicum                                                  full sun, well-drained soil                salads, sauces, eggs

Cilantro          Annual             12 – 36” / 6 – 8“       Sow seeds directly,                        Leaves, stems, flowers:

Coriandrum sativum                                                full sun, self sows                           soups, stews, salads

Chives           Perennial         18” / 10 – 14“           Grow from seed or                        Leaves, flowers: soups,

Allium schoenoprasum                                            division, full sun, pt. shade            salads, butter, eggs

 

Dill                 Annual             36 – 60” / 24“           Sow seed early spring,                  Leaves, flowers: butter,

Anethum graveolens                                               full sun, self sows                          vinegars, soups, salad, fish

Fennel           Biennial           48 – 60” / 36“           Sow seed early spring                   Entire plant: garnishes,

Foeniculum vulgare                                                 full sun, self sows                         soups, breads, fish

Lavender        Perennial*       to 36” / 24“             Grow from seed, stem                   Leaves, flowers: bread,

Lavandula angustifolia                                             cuttings, full sun, dry soil                jelly, vinegars, sachets

Lemon Balm    Perennial           24 – 36” / 24”         Grow from seed, stem                    Leaves: teas, soups, fish,

Melissa officinalis                                                 cuttings, division, full sun               poultry, stews, sachets

 

Marjoram       Perennial*       12“ / 12 – 24”         Grow from seed, stem                      Leaves: meats, salads,

Majorana hortensis                                                cuttings, division, full sun                  eggs, jelly, teas

Oregano         Perennial         12 – 24 “ / 10 – 20”   Grow from seed, stem                   Leaves: meat, poultry,

Origanum vulgare                                                    cuttings, division, full sun                tomato dishes, sauces

Parsley           Biennial           6 – 18” / 8 – 16”      Sow seed early spring, soak           Leaves: salads, stews,

Petroselinum crispum                                            first in warm water, full sun              soups, sauces, garnish

Rosemary      Perennial*       to 72” / 36 – 72”      Stem cuttings or division,                 Leaves: vinegar, teas,

Rosemarinus officinalis                                           over-winter indoors                          bread, vegetables, stew

Sage               Perennial         12 – 30“ / 24”           Stem cuttings or division,               Leaves: stews, eggs,

Salvia officinalis                                                                 seeds slow to germinate                stuffing, vegetables

Spearmint      Perennial         12 – 24” / 12 – 24”   Cuttings, division, invasive             Leaves: teas, sauces,

Mentha spicata                                                       rhizomes, full sun, pt. shade          jelly, vinegars, salads

Tarragon        Perennial         24 – 36“ / 24”           Division or root cuttings,                Leaves: sauces, salads,

Artemisia dracunculus                                             stem slow to root, full sun              soups, eggs, poultry

Thyme             Perennial         12” / 12”                 Start seeds indoors, full                 Leaves: teas, soups, rice,

Thymus vulgaris                                                     sun, well-drained soil                       eggs, vegetables, bread

Annual = performs entire life cycle in 1 growing season

Perennial = persists for many growing seasons

Biennial = requires 2 years to complete life cycle

* Hardy in some areas of New England

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